Student Research and Virtual Reality Education Module
The MOCORE Lab is proud to have a community educational program centered around the development of virtual reality (VR) platforms for improving physical and cognitive rehabilitation. The sections below present previous and current research projects from local New Jersey high school students. Additionally, the MOCORE Lab is developing an Education Module to teach the basics of creating environments with the Unity VR engine.
Program Coordinators: Sophie Dewil B.S. and Mingxiao Liu M.S.
Download a PDF of the MOCORE Virtual Reality Education Module Last Updated May 1st, 2021
Applications: This program will prospectively be used in classrooms by school districts to gain a better understanding of individual student needs, especially those with auditory learning impairments. With student reports at hand, educators can make informed decisions about how to limit distractions in their classroom or shift the student to a more conducive learning space.
After the pandemic, cognitive comprehension, especially at a primary to tertiary academic level, has been impacted by virtual learning in middle school students. In order to collect personalized data, I created a virtual reality(VR) diagnostic to gauge comprehension amongst the target population. Subjects will use virtual reality goggles to place themselves in a classroom environment where a lecture is taking place. Concurrently, students will be given a simple and understandable two minute lecture on historical events that they have previously learned about in school. While the lecture is playing, common audio distractors, such as papers rustling, will be played in the background at different volume levels. This volume level is pre-determined using field literature regarding signal-to-noise ratios in learning environments. At the end of the lecture, students will be asked questions which correspond with the periods where the signal-to-noise ratio changes. The questions will be modeled upon Zeamer & Tree (2013) which posed both critical thinking and direct recall ability questions and drew conclusions about comprehension thresholds through them.
Future research entails using an EEG to map electrical activity in the brain and draw a correlation to attention span and information processing.
Kwabena Boateng - Sense of Agency and Movement Control
The Sense of Agency and Movement Control Training Environment was designed to offer users a method to improve their sense of agency and movement control through several gamified training tasks. The sense of agency auditory and visual task were designed to function similarly to a "hit the target" game. It implements Haggard et al. (2002)'s intentional binding method which utilizes time perception and sensory feedback to measure agency in a user. The movement control task was designed to function similarly to a "dodge the blocks" game. It utilizes positional and speed delays to obseve a user's perception of their agency in relation to their actual performance. All training tasks were developed in the game engine Unity® and use several additional programs (Blender®, Gravit®, and Visual Studio®) for assets.Download a PDF Tutorial Document
Aqsa Owais - Fruit Ninja
The Fruit Ninja Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation application was designed to help post-stroke patients recover functionality in their arms. In the current version, patients use computer mouse input to slice the fruits that appear on the screen in half. In comparison to the original Fruit Ninja game, this application prompts the patient to slice the fruit in a predetermined direction. This was implemented to facilitate increased cognitive engagement. Systematic reviews have indicated that interventions that enable active participation lead to increased engagement and motivation which leads to increased effectiveness (Brett et al, 2017). The control group and experimental group will receive nearly identical games; however, the experimental group will have an added feature. This added feature will allow participants in the experimental group to choose certain prizes, such as different color blades and backgrounds, as they earn more points. Ultimately, this research aims to study the effects on performance and cognitive engagement if players are allowed to choose their own prizes.Download a Poster Presentation
Ashita Birla - VR Maze Game for Neurological Rehabilitation Therapy
The Virtual Reality Maze Game is designed to focus on working memory rehabilitation for patients with neurological disorders/injuries/deficits. I will concentrate towards the visuospatial sketchpad from the central executive function of the brain as the patients will react to a visual environment with different perspectives to test retention, and whether different perspectives will help or hinder the visual retention. The 10-level (increasing difficulty) game will be played by a control and experimental group. For each of their training periods, they would navigate through a 3D maze without (control) / with (experimental) a preview beforehand and attempt to reach the end point of the maze. In the collective final task trial, both groups would navigate without any preview, but with different fixed start and end points. By comparing the completion times of both groups in the final game, we could test the visuospatial retention of each to see if the preview helped or hindered as well as create newer levels to induce/test improvement in working memory capacity.Download a Poster Presentation
Matt Neissen - Language Skill Recovery
The Motor Control and Language Skill Recovery Application will serve to aid post-stroke rehabilitation of aphasia patients. Patients use a computer mouse to facilitate the transfer of an object across the computer interface. In doing so, patients exercise fine motor skills and cross the midline of their field of vision, addressing two common symptoms of aphasia patients. The application employs bandwidth feedback to visually alert the patient if the object strays from the intended path. Between rounds, patients will complete a language rehabilitation exercise designed to improve word association ability, vocabulary recall, and language-based memory. As reported by Anderlini et al. (2019) in a meta-analysis of aphasia rehabilitation studies, research is scarce on the promising correlation between language and motor recovery. If expanded to a clinical study, this application could assist in furthering this area of research.Download a PDF Tutorial Document
Raj Shah - Beat Saber
The Beat Saber Rehabilitation game (Beat Saber R), modeled after the popular VR game, Beat Saber, serves to aid in the rehabilitation of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients.
Mayur Srinivas - Bandwidth Tracing Task
The Motor Control Rehabilitation Environment is a virtual reality simulation that serves to allow patients with neuromuscular disorders to increase control of his/her arm.
Joseph Gisoldi, Micah Rubin, and Liam Sittig - Hand Tremor Rehabilitation
The Hand Tremor Rehabilitation Game is a virtual reality program in which the user completes common rehabilitation tasks that are used to treat hand tremors, such as weighted or resistance exercises, in a gamified environment.
Johanna Gomez - Memory and Tracing
The Memory and Tracing Task is an application designed to put the user through a series of related tests in a gamified environment tp screen for cognitive illness.
Jeeva Murugan - Cognitive Agency Rehabilitation
This application was built as a virtual gamified enviornment, which allows patients to play through various levels while training their sense of agency.